Birth Year and Season Matrix
When determining the age group for a season, the year the season ends should be used for determining the play level. The matrix below begins with the 2016-17 season when Cal South implements the initiative into their competitions.
Soccer, unlike some other team sports, is centered on the player. In some sports, the game stops often and the coach tells players what to do next. In soccer, the game rarely stops and the players must decide what to do on their own. You need to be aware in a soccer game and be able to make decisions for yourself. The player who can make a difference in a match is a savvy soccer player. This means you need to not only learn the skills of the game, but also the rules and strategies. To learn the rules for your specific age group you can go to the US Youth Soccer website. From time to time ask the referee about the rules before your match or between your matches at a tournament.
Since you all are the ones playing the game, during a match it's the individual players' responsibility to talk to their teammates and make decisions. You must take responsibility for what you do on the field. Players should be doing most of the talking during a match, while coaches can offer their advice. The players play the game, so you need to take charge after the kickoff whistle blows.
To learn more about strategies of soccer, you need to become a student of the game. First of all listen to your coach and be willing to ask questions about the game. Go watch live and televised matches. Check out local professional and college teams. Tune into The US Youth Soccer Show on Fox Soccer. Read soccer books and magazines. Watch soccer videos and DVDs. Even video games like FIFA 12 can help you get a better picture of the game in your head. Learn all you can about the game.
Soccer is a game with room for individual expression and creativity within the team. You see those moments in a match now and then, a bit of individual brilliance. A big save, a dribble that beats an opponent and goes to goal, a crucial tackle, a clearance off the line or a breathtaking goal; those moments of great individual play standout in soccer. They are all part of the bigger picture, which is team play.
Teamwork is part of what makes a team sport fun to play and watch. There is great satisfaction when you and a teammate pull off a certain play together. Do things in a match for your teammates that you would like them to do for you. Encourage your teammates, especially when they make a mistake. You can lift their confidence and help get them back in the game. It may take a lot of hard work and sweat, but it helps your team do its best. Being a team player is important and you can be an impact player too.
Most of the parents and coaches at the game know that the match is for you and they support you. However, some adults forget that it’s just a game. While you don’t want to be disrespectful, you should try and tune out what people off the field are saying. Your attention must be on your teammates and what’s happening on the field.
You know from playing the game that win, lose or draw, it’s the game and the competition you like. Yes, it is exciting to win a match and a bummer to lose one; yet no matter how the game goes you’d rather be playing soccer than not. Sometimes adults forget this and they only focus on getting trophies. Remind them from time to time that playing the game is what counts. Always give your best whenever you play. Remember that soccer is a player’s game and play the game for you.
Soccer teams have a basic formation to play the game. That formation is divided into four lines, the goalkeeper, fullbacks, midfielders and forwards. There is only one goalkeeper, but the number of fullbacks, midfielders and forwards can change. The difference may be due to the age group and the number of players on the field for each team, it can also vary because of different formations.
Soccer savvy players can play different positions in a variation of formations. That versatility will make you quite a valuable player to many teams. In fact, US Youth Soccer recommends that players get exposed to playing all of the positions on a team up to age 14. Whatever lineup your team uses the basic idea is for you to be able to help your teammates near you on offense and defense and for them to help you too.
If you are in the starting lineup for today’s match then you have the responsibility to be ready physically and mentally. Arrive at the field ready to warm up and get focused. As you warm-up, in your mind picture yourself doing good things in the match. See yourself being skillful, confident and helping your teammates on offense and defense.
If you start off today’s match as a substitute, then do your best to help the starters get ready. You too need to play the game in your mind so you can be ready when your playing time comes. Once the match begins, watch closely to see how the other team plays, then you can be ready to go in and help your teammates anywhere on the field. To do all of these things takes a positive attitude and self-confidence.
Player’s Guide called On Your Own. The training session is where your teammates and you can improve your teamwork and gain a better understanding of the game. The training session is when you learn new things from your coach and can try those things on your own.
If you want it to all come together in a match, then what you do before the match is crucial. This means good training sessions and practice. You get out of practice and training what you put into them. If you give your best at those times then the payoff for that hard work will be your performance in matches.
You should come to training sessions with an alert mind to learn new things. The attitude to try new skills and tactics is very important to becoming your best. You can be challenged at training to push yourself by your coaches and your teammates. Take on that challenge and you’ll find your game getting better and better.
Be a team leader. Before a team training session, challenge your teammates to a game like Warp Speed.
Warp Speed is a group juggling activity to help focus on problem-solving and teamwork.
• It extends the common name game to a team building exercise by asking
players how fast they can pass the ball to each teammate. This includes saying
their teammate’s names. Predict a time and try to deliver.
• Check yourselves; was your prediction too fast or too slow? Try to figure
out what you can improve upon and then make a more accurate prediction.
• Push yourselves to go even faster. The more accurate your passes are,
the closer you get to Warp Speed.
Practice on your own or with a friend or two and try out new skills. This is the time to experiment and become comfortable with the ball. Practice can also be a good time to improve your personal fitness.
To play your best on game day, what you do the day before counts, and it starts by eating right. It is important to eat a good dinner, and get a good night’s sleep. The food that will be your fuel on game day is mostly what you ate in the two meals prior to the match. So, what you eat and drink really counts when you play.
If your match is in the morning eat a light breakfast, but if it’s in the afternoon, have a regular breakfast. Get to the field at the time your coach tells you. During the warm-up with your team, you should play the game in your mind. Sports psychologists call playing the game in your head visualization. You see yourself on the field playing skillfully and doing good things during the match like; getting into the right places to help your teammates and giving them encouragement.
Whether you are in the starting lineup or not, it’s important to get a good warm-up both mentally and physically. If you’ll be going into the match from the bench keep visualizing how you will contribute when you go in. Pay attention and see if you can figure out the other team’s strengths and weaknesses. Then when you go in you’ll have your head in the game right away. Be sure to stretch and run a bit to get your heart rate up and be ready to run hard as soon as you step onto the pitch. You’ll be the one with fresh legs, so work hard to support your teammates.
During the match keep visualizing yourself playing skillfully. The more you play that movie in your head the more likely it will happen on the field. Listen to your teammates on the field and tune out the distractions from around the field. Remember to respect the referees; they are just a part of the game environment. Don’t complain about field conditions or the weather, just play your best. Focus on the parts of the match that you have control over.
Finally, don’t be so concerned about the match outcome that you don’t try the things you’ve been practicing. The match is when you need to try what you’ve learned in your training sessions and what you’ve practiced on your own.
The training diet is the foundation for feeling on top of your game during a training session or practice or during a match. Eating right before a match does not provide as many performance benefits as eating well the rest of the week. How much energy you have at training or practice determines how much work can be done on the field.
In addition to water, your body needs adequate carbohydrates, fats, proteins and micronutrients. With micronutrients it is more important to make positive changes to the diet rather than to take supplements. Carbohydrates are likely to provide the majority of energy during a soccer match. Soccer players therefore need to make the effort to ensure they have enough carbohydrate in their diet.
• Fruit, rice, bread, pasta, potatoes and breakfast cereals
• Lean meat, fish, milk and nuts
• Meat, milk, poultry, fish, dairy foods, nuts, eggs and legumes (peas, beans, etc.)
• Fruit, vegetables, nuts, lean meat, eggs and dairy products
A general rule of thumb is to try to eat three hours before you go to the soccer field so that the food has a chance to digest and be useful in your system as energy.
For more information on nutrition for soccer players check out this FIFA document: http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/footballdevelopment/medical/51/55/15/nutritionbooklet_neue2010.pdf
1Prepared by the U.S. Olympic Sports Medicine Division and the International Center for Sports
Nutrition. 1999 U.S. Olympic Committee
The question for most players is, “Are you match fit?” Meaning, are you in shape enough to play at a high pace for a full match. The problem is not that coaches and players do not try to get soccer fit; it’s that the approach is a bit haphazard and inconsistent.
One of the parts of soccer that you personally control is your own physical fitness. This is something you can improve on your own time as well as when you are at training with your team.
As a soccer player wanting to improve your game, you should work to improve upon these components:
In your training sessions, work on rhythm exercises and the proper running motion. You should also learn how to land correctly when jumping, as this will reduce the likelihood of knee injuries.
If the coach and players put sufficient demands into a training session much can be accomplished. Then, both fitness and technique, and possibly tactics too, can be trained. The problem is that most players train in second or third gear and the coach allows them to get away with it. Come match time, and they must play in fourth gear, and occasionally in overdrive, and they are not up to it. The lack of fitness is even more noticeable in extreme weather conditions, especially high heat and humidity.
So, the key is when the training session has reached match situations, the players must push themselves, and be pushed by the coach, to perform at match speed. This one factor alone is missing in most training sessions. With it the competitiveness, speed of thinking (tactical decision-making), technical speed and fitness improve. Players have a responsibility here to push themselves. Don’t wait for the coach to have to yell at you to play at game pace. You get out of training what you put into it. Train in second gear and you’ll play in second gear, even if you try to play faster you’ll fail. Players need to push themselves first and foremost. Only then do they have a right to expect that their teammates should do the same. Your coach is there to push you along when you need the help, and has the responsibility to relay these expectations to the players and set the tone during training sessions.
By training at match pace often during a season, the team will be prepared for the specific demands during an actual match. Match pace training brings out the best in everyone. If the team trains this way then the need for calisthenics and running laps is eliminated. In general, the fitter you are the longer you can have a positive impact on the game. Just by giving your all at each training session your fitness will improve.
Finally, while training at match speed is indeed physically demanding, it’s much more enjoyable because the ball is involved and you are actually playing the game. That’s always more fun than wind sprints.
The key is to enjoy the game!